Jilin Province, called "Ji" in short, has jurisdiction over a sub-provincial city, seven prefecture-level cities, Yanbian Korean Autonomous Prefecture, Changbai Mountain Administrative Committee, and 60 counties (cities and districts), with a total population of 27.533 million, covering an area of 187,400 square kilometers, having 16 Sino-Russian and Sino-North Koren border ports (including one official channel to North Korea), two air ports, two inland crossings and one inland waterway port.
Northeast Asia consisting of northeast China, Mongolia, North Korea, South Korea, Japan and the Russian Far East, has a population of 680 million and contributes 1/5 to the world's total economy. Jilin Province is right located in the center of this huge economic region and has excellent geographical advantages and great potential for development.
Jilin Province's capital city Changchun's linear distance to Harbin, Shenyang and Yanji is within 500 kilometers, linear distance to Dalian, Beijing, South Korea's Seoul, and Russia's Vladivostok and Khabarovsk is within 1,000 kilometers and linear distance to Shanghai and the whole territory of Japan is less than 2,000 kilometers.
Capital city Changchun is a domestic and foreign well-known automobile city, film city, forest city, science, education and culture city, and international sculpture city, has a certain foundation in machinery, electronics, chemicals, metallurgy, building materials and other industries and forms an industrial system with transportation equipment manufacturing as the main body and a complete range. Changchun mainly builds three bases, auto, agro-processing, and science, education and culture bases, grows ten major industries, including automobiles and auto parts, food, optoelectronics information technology, biotechnology and pharmaceutical, and builds itself to be a regional central city suitable to the development of enterprises, suitable to talent building, suitable to living and with high visibility at home and abroad.
Abundant natural resources
Land resources:Jilin Province is located in the Songliao Plain, the "hometown of black soil" and one of the world's three famous "black soil belts". The province's arable land reaches 5.5346 million hectares, accounting for about 29.5% of the total land area, and per capita arable land area reaches 3,000 hectares, more than twice the national average and roughly flat with the world average.
Forest resources:Jilin Province is China's important base of forestry, the forest land area reaches 9.299 million hectares, the forest coverage rate reaches 43.9%, and the existing volume of standing timbers reaches 971 million cubic meters. The Changbai Mountain area is known as "Changbai forest sea" and is one of the country's six forest areas.
Mineral resources:Jilin Province has found 158 kinds of mineral resources (including sub minerals) and identified reserves of 115 kinds of minerals and its reserves of oil shale, diatomite, wollastonite, volcanic slag, nickel, molybdenum, uranium, etc. take a leading position in the country. The province has proven oil shale reserves of 17.4 billion tons, accounting for 54% of the country's and ranking first in the country, and ranks first by recoverable deposits of grammite ores in the country. It is rich in mineral water resources as the Changbai Mountain area has the largest and best mineral water resources, which are recognized by international authorities as the world's top mineral water, and stands to be the world's three major mineral-rich places with the European Alps and the Russian Caucasus Mountain side by side.
Grassland resources:Jilin Province is one of the country's eight pastoral areas and one of the country's animal husbandry bases and has abundant grassland resources and an grassland area of 5.842 million hectares currently. The west area's grassland is vast, contiguous and centralized and the west area is rich in forage grass that has a good quality, where the guinea grass is famous at home and abroad, and is an important base for the development of animal husbandry.
Wild plant resources:Jilin Province has well-developed diverse biological populations and there are 3,890 kinds of wild plants being identified, including 16 kinds included into the "national key protected wild plants (first batch)". Jilin Province is located in the center of Changbai Mountain's flora area, the country's important production area of Chinese herbal medicines, the production area of "three northeast treasures", ginseng, minks and deer horns, and the main producing area of northeast mountain delicacies. There are more than 350 kinds of wild edible plants, including fern, pine mushroom, black fungus, mountain grapes, pecans and pine nuts. Changbai Mountain is known as one of the country's three major natural treasure troves of Chinese herbs and its specialties include glossy ganoderma, rana, hawthorn, Schisandra, boschniakia rossica and herba rhodiolae.
Water resources:Jilin Province is rich in water resources and has more than 2,000 rivers and streams, belonging to five major river systems, Songhua River, Liaohe River, Tumen River, Yalu River and Suifenhe River, and many lakes. Water resources reserves reach 40.4 billion cubic meters and the fresh water area reaches 9.6 million mu. The province has 98 large- and medium-sized reservoirs and large hydropower stations, such as Fengman, Baishan, Hongshi and Yunfeng and 98% water resources are located in the east mountains area.
Railway:Railways intertwine in Jilin Province, with a mileage of 4,877.4 kilometers, including 470 kilometers of high-speed railways and radiating four directions with Changchun-Dalian, Changchun-Harbin, Changchun-Tumen, Changchun-Baishan railways and other main trunk lines with Changchun as the center. Hunchun's railway connects with Russia's. Changchun-Manzhouli-Germany (referred to as "CMG") international freight train is a train going through the fewest countries, running for the shortest time and with the lowest basic operating cost among all international trains in China.
Highway:The province's highways have a total mileage of 97,000 kilometers, including 89,800 kilometers of grade highways and 2,629 kilometers of expressways and leading to places outside the province with Changchun as the center. Changchun City is more than 600 kilometers from Dalian Port, more than 400 kilometers from Yingkou Port and 589 kilometers from Russia's Zarubino universal harbor.
Civil aviation:With Changchun Longjia International Airport as the core, form an aviation network radiating neighboring countries and regions and have 156 operational routes. Have international routes to South Korea's Seoul, Japan's Tokyo, Nagoya, Sendai, Fukuoka and other cities, and Hong Kong. Baishan airport and Yanji airport have become domestic important tourism airports.
River transport:Jilin Province's navigable rivers, Songhua River, Yalu River, Tumen River and Nenjiang River, have a total mileage of more than 1,600 kilometers. Da'an Port is a national grade-1 inland port, with a designed annual throughput capacity of 1 million tons and able to go directly to some ports in the Russian Far East by sea and able to enter the Sea of Japan.
High-quality human resources
The province has 24 CAS and CAE academicians. The province has built 12 national key laboratories, the province, together with the Ministry of Science and Technology, jointly build three key laboratories, and there are 59 provincial key laboratories and 118 provincial science and technology innovation centers (engineering technology research centers).
Changchun Institute of Optics, Fine Mechanics and Physics (CIOMP)
CIOMP has made 1,666 scientific research achievements in applied optics, luminescence, precision mechanical and optical engineering technology and other fields; has 1,985 on-the-job employees, including four academicians, 135 senior scientific research persons and 294 sub-senior scientific research persons; sets six doctoral stations, eight master stations and three postdoctoral research centers and has 860 graduate students (including 407 doctoral students) and 50 post-doctors.
Changchun Institute of Applied Chemistry (CIAC)
CIAC builds three national key laboratories on polymer physics and chemistry, electroanalytical chemistry analysis and rare earth resource utilization; has 1,010 on-the-job employees, including six CAS academicians, three TWAS academicians, more than 110 doctoral tutors, and more than 300 senior professional and technical persons; has achieved more than 1,200 scientific and technological achievements, including more than 500 major scientific and technological achievements, and won 57 national awards and 346 provincial (ministerial) awards.
Jilin University is one of the first 22 universities establishing a graduate school, one of the first batch of key universities under the "211 Project" and "985 Project", one of the first batch of well-known universities under the "Everest plan", "111 Project", "2011 plan" and "1,000-people plan" and an important member of the 21st century academic alliance and other international organizations. The university has 6,630 teachers and 69,196 in-school full-time students; owns 124 undergraduate majors, 299 master's degree authorization points, 237 doctor's degree authorization points and 42 post-doctoral research stations.
Northeast Normal University
Northeast Normal University is one of the first major universities under the "211 Project", one of universities under the "985 Project advantage discipline innovation platform", one of 56 universities approved by the Ministry of Education to set up a graduate school and one of six integrated normal universities directly affiliated to the Ministry of Education. The university now has 25,218 full-time students, 23 teaching units, 68 undergraduate programs, 34 first-level disciplines on master's degree authorization, 22 first-level disciplines on doctor's degree authorization and 16 post-doctoral research stations and is the country's important teacher training base.
Changchun University of Science and Technology (CUST)
CUST is a key university in Jilin Province and is selected to be a key university under the "Midwest university basic capacity building project"; now has 27,176 students. In recent years, the university has undertaken nearly 1,300 national, provincial and ministerial research projects and its more than 200 scientific research achievements have won national, provincial and ministerial awards. The university's industry work has developed rapidly and the science park in 2013 was approved to be a national university science park.
Changchun University of Technology (CUT)
CUT is Jilin Province's important base for high-level personnel training, applied technology research and development, high-tech product research and development and high-level social services. The university now has 19,807 full-time students and sets 19 colleges, two teaching and research departments and one engineering training center and has created 20 provincial and ministerial scientific research institutions represented by the MOE key laboratory, and nine provincial experimental teaching demonstration centers.
Northeast Dianli University (NDU)
NDU is a key university in Jilin Province and is selected to be a key university under the "Midwest university basic capacity building project". The university now has 16 colleges, 42 undergraduate programs, more than 19,000 full-time students, more than 1,400 teachers and workers and more than 500 senior staff members; now has two first-grade disciplines on doctor's degree authorization, one post-doctoral research station, 11 first-grade disciplines on master's degree authorization and 49 second-grade disciplines on master's degree authorization; builds 18 provincial and ministerial key laboratories, research centers, and culture and science bases.
Strong scientific and technological strength
Jilin Province has a strong scientific and technological advantage and competitive strength in optics, applied chemistry, solid state physics, electronic information technology, biotechnology, new materials, advanced manufacturing technology, modern agriculture, modern TCM, ecological environmental protection, clean vehicles research and other fields and even takes a leading position in some fields; builds Changchun optoelectronic industrial park under the Chinese Academy of Sciences, with a total investment of RMB 18 billion. Jilin Province is the country's second TCM modernization science and technology industrial base, builds five research laboratories on TCM planting (breeding), TCM chemistry, TCM pharmacology, combinatorial chemistry and TCM quality testing, and starts 13 standardized planting demonstration bases on harmless TCM. CUST Science Park and NDU Science Park are approved to be national university science parks.
Unique tourism resources
Jilin Province is rich in tourism resources and has eight categories of landscapes, such as local landscape, water landscape, biological landscape, climate landscape, relic landscape, building landscape, travel products, and cultural activities. Jilin Province's natural landscapes are in thousands of postures, cultural landscapes are unique, and the province is promoting the implementation of eco-tourism, ice and snow tourism, industrial tourism and other projects around tourism resources and characteristic landscapes and the tourism industry has become a pillar industry being actively fostered by Jilin Province. Changchun City, Jilin City, Ji'an City, Jiaohe City, etc. are named to be "China's excellent tourism city". After years of development and construction, the province has formed a tourism network system with Changbai Mountain eco-tourism area as the locomotive and radiating the province with Changchun Jingyue Lake National Forest Park tourism area, Changchun Jingyue ski resort, Changbai Mountain highland ice and snow training base, Jilin Songhua Lake ski resort, Changchun Lianhua Mountain ski resort, Tongyu Xianghai grassland wetland tourism zone, etc. Star hotels for travel reach 218, including five five-star hotels. The province owns 268 national grade-A tourist attractions, including three 5A tourist attractions.
Changbai Mountain is a national AAAAA-level tourist attraction. Located in the southeast of Jilin Province, the tourist attraction is magnificent, magical, beautiful, pristine and natural. "The grand mountain supports Tianchi and the forest sea hides delicacies." "The mountain presents four seasons and different scenes in 10 li." It is a world-renowned magical land. In summer 1983, comrade Deng Xiaoping climbed to the very top of Changbai Mountain, inscribed banners, "Changbai Mountain" and "Tianchi", and sighed "it is indeed a great pity for a person if not climbing to Changbai Mountain." Tianchi is China's largest crater lake and the most famous attraction of Changbai Mountain. Tianchi's "monster" legend also adds a mystique. Changbai fall falls from a corner of Tianchi and is the source of Songhua River, Tumen River and Yalu River. Changbai Mountain Grand Canyon integrates rare peaks, rocks, valleys, beautiful waters, ancient trees and rare grasses and is vast, forceful, and very primitive.
Jilin rime is located in the bank of Songhua River in Jilin City. Jilin rime is as clean as ice and as pure as jade and is known as China's four natural wonders together with the landscape of Guilin, Yunnan Stone Forest and the Three Gorges relying on its "spring splendor in winter". Jilin rime is an elegant, coquet and charming spectacle so that a constant stream of Chinese and foreign tourists are profuse in praise. Whenever rime comes, the 10-li shore of Jilin City's Songhua River "suddenly blossoms at a night" and "blooms silver flowers in willows and mum in pines" to bring people to a picturesque wonderland. In 1991, President Jiang Zemin praised when visiting Jilin "with cold river, snow willows, jade trees and rare flowers, Jilin rime deserves the reputation." In 1998, he again composed a poem "cold river and snow willows are in sunny days and jade trees and rare flowers are like in spring. Form such a scene after going through a lot, so do doing things."
Changchun Jingyue Lake is a national forest park. Located in southeast of Changchun City and only 18 kilometers from the city center, Jingyue Lake is known as "a rare piece of pure land in the metropolis". Jingyue Lake is covered with green, has clean water and vast forest and is Asia's largest artificial forest. The forest area exceeds 100 square kilometers, the lake area reaches 430 hectares, and the complete forest ecological system consisting of more than 30 tree species is a summer resort for people.
Other famous natural landscapes include rippling Songhua Lake that is a national key scenic spot and has trees on both sides, lake scenery and mountain shadow to be too much for the eye to see; Chagan Lake (holy lake) has a vast water area, teams of fishes, flying waterfowls and a Mongolian style on the shore; Huinan Sanjiaolong Bay is an ancient volcanic vent and has deep water and beautiful scenery; Ji'an Yalu River scenic belt ? Wunvfeng flows with a beautiful and mysterious legend; Jiaohe Red Valley has become a well-known characteristic scene; the west Xianghai Nature Reserve has the largest area and richest species in China's seven largest wetlands and is regarded by the World Wildlife Fund to be a grade-A nature reserve with international importance and included into the list of world-famous wetlands.
Koguryo King City cultural site is located in Ji'an City, Jilin Province and consists of 14 cities including domestic city, Wandu Mountain City and King Tomb and 261 noble tombs. It is the relic of the slavery Koguryo dynasty in the first and seventh century AD. Among them, Taiwang Tomb, General Grave, Qianqiu Tomb, etc. have a large size. General Grave is known as "Oriental Pyramid", the grave ground's each side is 31.58 meters long and 12.4 meters high, and the body is cone-shaped and has seven ladders that are built with fine-cut giant granite strips. In up to more than seven centuries, Koguryo has created a splendid culture with characteristics of ethnic minorities and left remarkable historical and cultural heritage and relics and especially, Koguryo's rugged mountain city, majestic mausoleum and splendid tomb murals have become an important part of the Chinese civilization. On July 1, 2004, the 28th World Heritage Committee meeting examined and approved the Koguryo relic with the Koguryo royal city, royal tomb and noble tombs in Ji'an City, Jilin Province as the main body is officially listed into the World Heritage List.
Changchun Movie Wonderland (CMW): is China's first world-class movie theme park. Located in Changchun City Jingyue Lake scenic area, CMW, based on quality programs on innovative science and technology, thrilling experience, performing arts and entertainment appreciation, integrates Universal Studios Hollywood and Disneyland into one, and integrates laser suspension films, dynamic 360-degree-screen films, three-dimensional IMAX movies, three-dimensional water curtains, 4D special effects and the world's most advanced special effects; the wonderful world integrating visitor participation, experience, interaction and appreciation into one enables visitors to enter into a dream-coming-true and numinous-experience magic factory and fantastic paradise and becomes a world capital of movie special effects. Not only integrate the world's high-tech, but also highlights the Chinese human emotions, open a new space for China's film industrial tourism and show new charm of the era.
Famous cultural landscapes also include Changchun Puppet Palace that is the palace of puppet Manchukuo "Emperor" Pu Yi and is named by the country to be an patriotic education base. The Manchukuo State Department and "eight department" remains are the ruling center of Manchukuo, consist of a group of Japanese-style buildings and is regarded as a provincial key cultural relics protection unit. Huanglong Ancient City, located in Nong'an County, is the military stronghold and political and economic center of Liao and Jin dynasties and the county-located "Liao Tower" is prominently famous.
Heavy cultural heritage
Jilin's literature and art exudes a rich black earth atmosphere. Changbai Mountain- and black soil culture-represented Jilin regional culture has a long history. Jilin Province is a famous "hometown of Chinese folk culture and art", "hometown of modern Chinese folk paintings", "hometown of Chinese horse-head string instruments", "hometown of Chinese pipa", and "hometown of Chinese Songhua ink stones". Changchun Film Studio is the cradle of Chinese films and has shot a large number of excellent classic films and cultivated generations of famous film artists.
Jilin Province has 78 cultural centers (including mass art centers), 40 art troupes, 66 public libraries and 77 museums and attracts visitors for 9.5 million person times a year. Currently, Jilin Province has a national cultural industrial zone, eight cultural industry demonstration bases and nine provincial key cultural industry parks. Dongbeifeng song and dance duet troupe is named by the Ministry of Culture as a "national cultural industry model base". Jilin song and dance, Jilin film and TV plays, Jilin animation and other cultural brands with strong local characteristics are well-known in the country. Changchun Film Group glows with vitality as the national rural theme film creation base and fund are set up in the group. The province's cultural industry has burst out unprecedented vigor and vitality and is becoming a new economic growth point of Jilin.