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Changchun City strongly promotes the development of private economy
2013/04/08     Source:

In 2012, the number of private enterprises in Changchun City reached 68,000, accounting for more than 97% of the total number of enterprises; the city's private economy realized added value of 200 billion yuan, accounting for 44.4% of GDP, and the average growth rate in the past three years reached 18.2%; the private economy’s main operating income reached 910 billion yuan, of which 458 enterprises respectively realized more than 100 million yuan, accounting for more than 40% of Jilin Province. Private economy has become a point for continued growth of Changchun City’s fiscal revenue. In 2012, Changchun City’s private enterprises paid taxes of 30 billion yuan, with an average growth rate of 32% in the past three years, basically realizing double every three years, and the proportion in total fiscal revenue was increased from 30.7% to 33.8%; the number of enterprises that paid taxes over 100 million yuan reached 7, and the number of enterprises that paid taxes over 10 million yuan reached 227. In addition, private economy has become the main channel of employment and entrepreneurship. In 2012, Changchun City’s private economy employed 1.92 million persons, accounting for nearly 50% of the city's total number of employees. On the other hand, private economy has become the most active factor for transforming the mode and adjusting the structure. With the deepening of economic reform and economic restructuring, private economy is playing an increasingly prominent role in improving the ownership structure, fostering the diversification of market players, optimizing the allocation of resources and elements, and promoting scientific and technological innovation and outcome transformation. In 2012 alone, there were more than 230 new private enterprises engaged in Changchun City’s competitive advanced equipment manufacturing, photoelectric information, bio-chemical, pharmaceutical, new energy, new materials and other strategic emerging industries.

On March 28, 2013, Changchun City introduced the Implementation Opinions on Highlighting the Development of the Private Economy, so as to vigorously promote private economy to speed up development and improve quality with more favorable, more specific supporting policies.

The introduction of the Opinions consists of 50 contents in 10 areas, which has refined the 40 opinions of Jilin Province on highlighting the development of the private economy. 17 of them are breakthroughs and innovations on the basis of implementing the province’s opinions and learning from other cities’ practices.

In the next five years, the general idea for the development of private economy in Changchun City is to: adhere to combining four aspects, advance 5 major projects, solve six problems, give play to the role of 4 aspects, that is, adhere to combining the development of private economy with promoting the Changchun-Jilin-Tumen strategy, expand the pillar industries, promote the new urbanization, and investment promotion; advance such "five major projects" as all-people business startups, investment promotion, quality enhancement, cluster development, and market cultivation; update the development concept by emancipating the mind, enhance the development ability by increasing investment, expand the main players in the market through introduction from overseas and domestic training, enhance the endogenous power through technological innovation, optimize the development environment through the implementation of policies, and eliminate obstacles to development through the reformation of institutions, and make the private economy become a breakthrough in the reform and opening up, a new force for economic growth, a new starting point for structural adjustment, and a main source to expand employment.

Changchun City focuses on relaxing market access conditions, encouraging all-people business startups, supporting scientific and technological innovation, developing new markets, expanding financing channels, promoting cluster development of private enterprises, increasing fiscal support, improving the environment for development, providing security, etc., so as to further promote the development of private economy.

Tackle the financing problem for enterprises - Changchun City will implement initiatives with Changchun characteristics in aspects such as listing service for enterprises, pilot program of unsecured loans for small and micro enterprises, mortgage loans with property right gains, and construction of Changchun finance headquarters base; foster industrial clusters and guide enterprises’ scale to a new level – the city will give tax preferences to the enterprises that newly engage in 3 major emerging industries, reward 1 million yuan to 5 million yuan to the private enterprises that are listed as the world's top 500, the top 500 private enterprises in China and the top 100 private enterprises of the industry the first time; promote scientific and technological innovation – the city will amply reward the projects of private enterprises that obtain national and provincial innovation funds, will give financial incentives to both sides for the cooperation between private enterprises and major industrial technology platforms, to promote the combination involving production, teaching and research; and support private enterprises to open up the market – the city will give incentives to both sides for industrial integration of large enterprises and small/ micro private enterprises, and give subsidies to private enterprises for participating overseas exhibition.

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