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Expert interprets Jilin Urban System Planning (2011-2012)
2013/05/23     Source:

Jilin Urban System Planning (2011-2012) (hereinafter referred to as the "Planning") was approved by the state on May 22, 2012. The "Planning" defined the urban development objective, direction, focus and pattern in Jilin Province in 2020, and made a general requirement on urban and rural planning, construction and management in Jilin Province. What will Jilin Province’s urbanization look like in 2020 according to the "Planning"? A few days ago, the relevant expert with the Provincial Department of Housing and Urban-Rural Construction interpreted the "Planning".

Urban population will be increased by 3.3 million -4.6 million
At the end of 2011, the province's urban population was about 14.68 million. By 2020, Jilin Province’s total population will reach 28.7-30 million, and the urban population will reach 18-19.3 million, with urbanization rate up to 62-64%. Then the province’s urban development pattern with Changchun-Jilin integration as the start, with Changchun-Jilin-Tumen pilot area for development and opening up as the key, with Changchun-Jilin metropolitan area and Yanji (including Longjing and Tumen)-Hunchun urban combination area as the core will be formed, thus promoting the rapid development of the province's central city group.

Changchun and Jilin will show more characteristics
Urban spatial pattern will be more open. Implement the "two gathering" urbanization strategy to promote population and other factors of production to gather in the central region and the central towns. Conserve the eastern ecological function, restore the western ecosystem, and promote the rapid development of the central region with Changchun-Jilin integration as the core; guide Jilin Province’s urbanization to advance in such four levels as provincial central cities (Changchun, Jilin), regional central cities (prefecture-level cities and regional centers with strategic location), county towns (county-level cities) and central towns, and build an urbanization pattern featuring coordinated development of big, medium and small cities and towns in Jilin Province.

To promote the rapid formation of spatial pattern of Jilin Province, the "Planning" proposed to build a supportive platform for the Changchun-Jilin-Tumen development and opening up and the development of the central city group with Changchun-Jilin integration as the breakthrough. By developing leading industries such as automobile, petrochemicals and agro-processing, and strategic emerging industries such as biotechnology, electronic information, new material, new energy, new energy vehicle and energy-saving environmental protection, as well as tourism, productive modern service industry, build Changchun City into a national important new industry and modern service industry base city, and build Jilin City into a new industrial base dominated by petrochemicals in the northeast region and a tourism livable city with distinctive landscape of northern China. By 2020, Jilin Province will generally form the "two areas, four axes, two belts" spatial structure layout with Changchun-Jilin integration and Ha-Da axis as the focus.  

Counties will be connected with high-speed rails and highways

Towns’ outbound traffic will be increasingly smooth. Implement the "differentiated" and "networking" transport development strategy, give priority to the transport hub construction in the central part and the Tumen River region, promote the formation of a gradual thinning transport network from the central part to the east and west wings, establish a relatively complete highway network and railway network, and strengthen the contact between the transportation hub areas and the radiation areas. Promote the development of transportation networks, highlight the external communication function of Changchun-Jilin metropolitan area and Yanji-Hunchun urban combination area, enhance the external channel construction of the Ha-Da development axis and Hun-Wu development axis, strengthen the convergence between national high-speed rails and highway networks and Northeast regional backbone road networks, and build the Northeast regional integration transportation network together with Heilongjiang, Liaoning and Inner Mongolia.

By then, Jilin Province will form a modern integrated transport system dominated by highway, high-speed rail and airport. Achieve the development goal of "connecting counties with railways" and "connecting counties with highways", to provide support and protection for promoting the coordinated development of industries, revitalizing the northeast old industrial base, and guiding the rational distribution of urban system. Highway construction will form a network system of "five vertical, five horizontal, three ring and multi-connection", railway construction will form a network structure of "six vertical and four horizontal", and airport construction will form a network structure of "one primary and multi-secondary", link up the second Songhua River and Heilongjiang River shipping network, and build a transportation hub system including such four levels as national integrated transportation hub, regional integrated transportation hub, regional transportation sub-hub and general transportation hub.

"Two areas, three belts and ten cores" spatial pattern of ecological protection

Regional ecological environment will be further improved. Implement the "regional differentiation" ecological strategy, improve the regional ecological functions and ecological restoration capabilities, carry out mandatory protection for key ecological function zones, salvage and manage ecologically fragile zones, and proactively protect and nurture the good ecological zones.

To systematically protect the space environment of Jilin Province, the "Planning" put forward that Jilin Province will form a "two areas, three belts and ten cores" spatial pattern of ecological protection. "Two areas" refers to the eastern forest ecological area and the western prairie wetland area; "three belts" refers to such three important ecological corridors as the Songhua River, the Yalu River and the Tumen River; "ten cores" refers to ten important natural conservation areas and ecological function protection zones, including ten regional ecological green cores such as the Songhua River, the Yalu River and the Tumen River source ecological function protection zone, the Dongliao River source ecological function protection zone, Hunchun natural forest and manchurian tiger ecological function protection zone, Chagan Lake, Mondsee and Momoge wetland ecological function protection zone, Sanhu water conservation ecological function protection zone, Xianghai natural conservation area, Longwan natural conservation area, Tianfozhi Mountian mushroom natural conservation area, Dabusu Langya Dam and Yaojingzi chinensis wildrye grassland natural conservation area, and Yitong volcanoes natural conservation area.

By 2020, Jilin Province’s environmental pollution and ecological damage will get full control, key water and soil erosion areas will be initially treated, important ecological functions will be restored, the green economic and low-carbon lifestyle will be basically formed, and an economically efficient, resource saving, environmentally friendly and socially harmonious province will be basic built.

The major functional areas of Jilin City will be connected by light rail

The towns’ supporting ability will be more powerful. By then, bus travel mode will be basically formed, the county town and above bus transfer coefficient will be less than 1.3, the 500 m service radius coverage in the urban area and the 300 m service radius coverage in the central area will reach 100%; Changchun City’s urban area will initially realize rail (subway, light rail) transit network, and the main function areas in Jilin City will be connected by light rail. Urban water supply capacity will be generally improved, with urban water supply coverage up to 98%. Sewage centralized treatment capacity will be enhanced, with sewage centralized treatment rate up to 90%, 80% for large and medium-sized cities, and 70% for small cities and county towns; Changchun City and other cities in water shortage will gradually implement reuse of reclaimed water. Waste reduction, innoxious disposal, recycling and industrialization will be improved, in which, the municipal solid waste treatment rate will reach 90%, and other towns will reach 70%. Construction of urban green space system will make remarkable achievements, in which, the urban green coverage rate will reach 45%, and the per capita public green area will reach 10 square meters or more. "Gasified Jilin" will be fully implemented, information infrastructure construction will be accelerated, the level of informationization will be significantly improved, high-speed broadband transmission networks, mobile communication networks and Internet will be rapidly developed, telecommunications network, broadcast network and Internet will be integrated, and urban intelligent construction will be strengthened.

Urban culture will show more prominent characteristics

The Planning proposed to strengthen the shaping of urban cultural characteristics in Jilin Province. By 2020, through the construction of cultural environment and facilities, Jilin Province will form a safe, comfortable, positive and entrepreneurial province and a civilized, developed and harmonious society, and achieve the development goal of cultural Jilin, entrepreneurial Jilin and harmonious Jilin.

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