The eastern Changbai Mountain areas are located in the core of the East Liao-South Ji metallogenic belt. As one of the 16 key metallogenic belts in China, it contains abundant mineral resources. 158 minerals have been discovered, accounting for 66.6% of the total of 237 in China, 115 of which (including sub-minerals) have been identified with proven reserves. 76 minerals have been exploited and utilized across the whole province, accounting for 55.5% of the discovered ones. Oil shale, molybdenum, nickel, magnesium, grammite, diatomite, bentonite, volcanic slag and haydite shale are the dominant mineral resources in Jilin Province. Songliao Basin located in the central and Western part has been recognized as one of the 11 major petroleum basins in China.
The eastern Changbai Mountain areas are a concentrated area for mineral water resources with abundant reserves. The total permissive yields rank first in the country. It is known as one of the world's three largest mineral water enrichment areas, the other two being the Alps and the North Caucasus.